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-Dietary management of pregnant women
-During pregnancy the needs for some nutrients increase in quantity:
  • Energy
  • Protein
  • Iorn
  • Calcium
    Key Points To Remember:
    1. The meal frequency should be increased. Meals should be given 5-6 times a day.
    2. Plenty of fluids should be given for e.g.; milk, juices, butter milk, coconut water.
    3. Include good, nutritious snacks between meals, especially fruits
    4. Avoid too much fat and sugar.
    5. Avoid excess of fried foods.
    6. Take care to include iron, calcium and some animal proteins in each meal.
    7. A mixed diet consisting of food items from each group namely.
      • Energy giving group
      • Body- building group
      • Regulatory / protectory group
      • Miscellaneous
    8. The requirements for energy, proteins, calcium and iron are maximum during pregnancy hence include more of cereals, pulses, milk & milk products, fruits, green leafy vegetables, in the diet.
    9. If income persists nuts, oilseeds should be included in the diet.
    10. Many times it is not possible to include iron in the form of tablets can be given.
    11. Folic acid tablets also should be given from the 2nd trimester.
    12. During pregnancy iodized salt should be used for cooking to meet iodine needs.
    13. Foods rich in :
      • Calcium :
        Ragi, amaranth seeds, kidney beans, gingelly seeds, mustard seeds, cumin seeds, poppy seeds, milk & milk products, sea foods like hilsa, rohu, cheese, fenugreek, are rich in calcium
      • Iron :
        Liver, mutton, mustard leaves, mint, lettuce, water melon, raisins, dates, apricot, phalsa, rice flakes, bajra, Soya bean, lentil, peas, Bengal gram, Jaggery, green leafy vegetable
      • Energy giving foods :
        Cereals, roots and tubers, sugar, jaggery, fats and oil
      • Proteins needs :
        Milk &milk products, soyabean, egg, fish, goat’s meat, groundnuts, cashew nuts, pulses
    14. Some special food items prepared by elderly women in the house like methi-paak, khajur paak, panjiri, badam laddoo are beneficial if taken in moderate amount.
    15. Digestive changes occur because of which Constipation results hence food which is well cooked, semi-liquid foods should be given in moderation.
    16. To overcome morning sickness carbohydrate foods like biscuits, breads etc should be given with the bed-tea.
    17. To over come heart burns of feeling of heaviness /fullness one should restrict eating fatty & fried foods and very spicy foods.
    18. Fiber rich foods should be given to overcome constipation.
    19. Minimum 8 to 10 glasses of water should be given.
    20. Fluids like coconut water, butter milk, lime juice, milk should be given in between meals.
    21. To avoid vomiting she should not eat foods with very strong smell and strong flavors.
    22. She should exercise daily as advised by the doctor.
    23. She should go for morning walks and evening walks.
    24. She should take adequate rest and no hard work.
    The calorie requirement of normal women is 1875 Kcal and 50gms proteins the same women when pregnant will require 1875 + 300 =2175 Kcal and 50 + 15 = 65 g of proteins.
    During the 1st trimester the foetus is small and its nutritional needs are not significant. The requirement for most nutrients increase only after the 2nd trimester onwards.
    Diet Management
    - High Rate Cholesterol
    - For Pregnant Women
    - Diet Plan
    - Sliming
    Nutrients Management
    - Conversion Table
    - Weights And Measures
    - Nutritional Notes
    tips for pregnant woman
    tips to be slim
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